Choose a name from those listed at left and see the family sheet for that person here.  From a given family sheet you can traverse that person's family tree by clicking on any name that has a hyperlink attached (underlined and blue).  Have fun!

The family sheet shows a primary individual with father and mother above, spouse(s) and children below.  The value of this format over the pedigree charts shown at "PONO'S ROOTS" is the addition of siblings to the direct ancestors.

The serious researcher may want to print the pedigree chart for the person(s) of interest in order to better follow the traverse.  With a printout in hand, use "Find (on this page)" or just scroll to get to one of the names on the left, click on it and go!

The data are not 100% complete and never will be.  Missing information includes some years and places of birth and death, some first or last names, and even some entire names (N. N. = not noted).  Where neither birth nor death data are known a year or range of years sometimes indicates presence in a given parish (e. g., 1762-1765 Ramsberg (T) ).  The letter in parentheses after a parish indicates the Swedish "county" (lšn).  A complete list of these "county" abbreviations can be found under Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ).  To thoroughly confuse you, the word Finland means the country Finland!

And by the way, the number introducing a group of names is the arbitrary generation number with Pono as generation 1, his parents 2, his grandparents 3, his great grandparents 4, etc.  This set starts with Pono's father's father, Charles Eric Sandin (CES) aka Karl Erik Sandin, and shows CES's father and his direct ancestors on top and CES's mother and her direct ancestors on the bottom.  The number associated with each individual name is the ancestor number within generation, if this were a "perfect" tree.  To illustrate, Pono's father's father is 1 and father's mother is 2 of generation 3.  And so on and so forth, scooby dooby doo.

The tree is not perfect because cousins sometimes marry.  This phenomenon results in "pedigree collapse" due to one person occupying more than one place on the tree.  In these cases the number within generation used is that of the first occurrence (during research), even though the individual may actually occupy more than one (in one case 2 in one generation and 2 in another for a total of 4) unique positions on the "perfect" tree.  If this is too much for you, just don't worry about it.  The genes certainly didn't worry when cousins married, so why should we?